This section includes health tips for the entire population.


During the summer, it is important to be well protected from the sun and ultraviolet (UV) rays. Exposure to UV rays from the sun or tanning lamps can cause damage to skin and eyes, in addition to increasing the risk of skin cancer. Protect yourself and your children adequately, especially if you are outdoors between 11 a.m. and 3 p.m., even when it is cloudy. 

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Oppressive heat

During waves of oppressive or extreme heat, it is harder for your body to cool and maintain its temperature within normal limits. During these waves, your health may deteriorate rapidly. To prevent the effects of oppressive and extreme heat:

  • Keep well hydrated
  • Cool off by swimming or staying in air-conditioned areas
  • Reduce physical effort
  • Pay particular attention to babies and children. 

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Bathing Waters

Certain precautions must be taken when bathing, whether doing so along beaches, lakes, rivers or in artificial basins such as indoor and outdoor pools and spas. Bathing waters can be contaminated by microorganisms (blue-green algae and other bacteria, viruses, parasites) or by various pollutants that can lead to health problems. Lastly, it is important to follow safety rules to prevent drowning. 

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Diseases transmitted by mosquito bites and ticks 

The West Nile virus (WNV) is transmitted through mosquito bites. With summer here and an influx of mosquitoes, the risk of infection increases significantly and is higher in the city. When outdoors :

  • Cover your entire body with long, light-coloured clothing
  • Use mosquito repellent to protect yourself from being bitten, especially at dusk and dawn

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Lyme disease is caused by bacteria transmitted through the bite of an infected tick. Ticks are particularly present in forests, woodlands and tall grasses in several Québec regions. To avoid tick bites, follow simple measures to protect yourself :

  • Walk along paths
  • Cover your whole body with long, light-coloured clothing
  • Use mosquito repellent.
  • Carefully remove the tick from your skin as soon as possible in case you are bitten

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Barbecue and food poisoning

Your nickname is the king of the barbecue? But do you know what tips to follow to ensure the safety of food cooked on the barbecue?

  • Marinate the meat in the fridge and not on your counter
  • Be sure to keep raw meat away from other foods, such as vegetables
  • Cook food well and use a digital food thermometer.
  • Use a wooden BBQ scraper instead of a metal brush. Metallic hairs can become detached over time, remain trapped on the grill and end up in your food.

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Toxic and Allergenic Plants 

In Québec, 1 in 8 people suffers from seasonal rhinitis, more commonly known as hay fever. This allergic reaction is caused by exposure to pollens, especially ragweed. Some symptoms of hay fever can affect the quality of life of people who are allergic.  Other plants can also cause allergic reactions or burns when touched. 

Beg bugs

The bedbugs that bite you during the night can have major consequences for your health and quality of life. If you are among the many people who are moving, limit the risks by taking preventive actions, such as placing you clothing, bedding, mattresses, furniture and other belongings in tightly sealed big plastic bags.

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